Christine J. Walley | People

Christine J. Walley

Christine J. Walley

Professor of Anthropology

Room E53-335U

617-258-7908

CV

Biography

Christine Walley is Professor of Anthropology at MIT. She received a Ph.D. in anthropology from New York University in 1999. Her first ethnography Rough Waters: Nature and Development in an East African Marine Park (Princeton University Press, 2004) explored environmental conflict in rural Tanzania. The Exit Zero Project has used family stories from the former steel mill region of Southeast Chicago to examine the long-term impact of deindustrialization in the United States. It includes an award-winning book with University of Chicago Press (2013), as well as a documentary film made with director Chris Boebel (2017). Chris Walley and Chris Boebel are currently collaborating with the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum and web designer and artist Jeff Soyk to create an interactive archive and storytelling website. The website uses objects that Southeast Chicago residents saved and the stories they told about them to explore the transformation of what it means to be “working class” in the United States. The website launches in Fall 2021 at sechicagohistory.org with additional storylines to follow. Walley is also working on a book based on this material tentatively titled, Notes from a ‘Paraindustrial’ Age.

Research

Exit Zero Project

This project includes a book, Exit Zero: Family and Class in Postindustrial Chicago, published by University of Chicago Press (2013) as well as a documentary, Exit Zero: An Industrial Family Story (2017) made with filmmaker Chris Boebel. The book and documentary use family stories and home movies to explore the long-term impacts of deindustrialization and its role in expanding class inequalities in the United States through the lens of the former steel mill community of Southeast Chicago. The project also includes a collaboration with the all-volunteer Southeast Chicago Historical Museum. The collaboration has resulted in an online archive and storytelling site (sechicagohistory.org) that uses objects that diverse groups of residents saved, and the stories they told about them, to explore the transformation in what it means to be “working class” in the United States. The website, designed with Creative Director Jeff Soyk, was funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation, and MIT. Walley is currently working on a book based on the materials found in the Museum tentatively titled, Notes from a ‘Paraindustrial’ Age.  

Publications|Selected Publications

2020 “Robots as Symbols and Anxiety over Work Loss.” Online research brief online with MIT’s Taskforce on the Work of the Future
2020 “The “How to” of Working-Class Studies: Self, Stories, and Working Across Media” in The Working Class Studies Handbook, eds. Christie Launius, Tim Strangleman, and Michele Fazio.  Routledge.
2018 “Trump’s Election and the White Working Class: What We Missed,” American Ethnologist 44(2):1-8.
2017 Exit Zero: An Industrial Family Story, a documentary film by Chris Boebel and Christine Walley. 90 mins.
2015 Transmedia as experimental ethnography: The Exit Zero Project, deindustrialization, and the politics of nostalgia. American Ethnologist, Vol. 42, No. 4, pp. 624-639.
2013 Exit Zero: Family and Class in Post-Industrial Chicago (University of Chicago Press, 2013).
2009 Deindustrializing Chicago: A Daughter’s Story. In: The Insecure American, eds. Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).
2004 Rough Waters: Nature and Development in an East African Marine Park (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004).
2003 "Our Ancestors Used to Bury Their 'Development' in the Ground": Modernity and the Meaning of Development in Tanzania’s Mafia Island Marine Park. Anthropological Quarterly 76, no. 1 (2003): 33-54.
2002 "They Scorn Us Because We are Uneducated": Power and Knowledge in a Tanzanian Marine Park. Ethnography 3, no. 3 (2002): 265-298.
1997 Searching for "Voices": Feminism, Anthropology, and the Global Debates over Female Genital Operations. Cultural Anthropology 12, no. 3 (1997): 405-438.

Teaching

21A.550J / STS.064
DV Lab: Documenting Science Through Video and New Media

Uses documentary video making as a tool to explore everyday social worlds (including those of science and engineering), and for thinking analytically about media itself. Students make videos and engage in critical analysis. Provides students with instruction on how to communicate effectively and creatively in a visual medium, and how to articulate their own analyses of documentary images in writing and spoken word. Readings drawn from documentary film theory, anthropology, and social studies of science. Students view a wide variety of classic documentaries and explore different styles. Lab component devoted to digital video production. Includes a final video project. Students taking graduate version complete additional assignments. Limited to 12.

Video work from this class has been presented at special screenings at the MIT Museum as well as in other venues. Several videos have been posted in the DV Lab video collection on TechTV.


21A.461
What is Capitalism?

Introduces academic debates on the nature of capitalism, drawing upon the ideas of scholars as diverse as Adam Smith and Karl Marx. Examines anthropological studies of how contemporary capitalism plays out in people's daily lives in a range of geographic and social settings, and implications for how we understand capitalism today. Settings range from Wall Street investment banks to auto assembly plants, from family businesses to consumer shopping malls. Enrollment limited.

21A.410
Environmental Struggles

Offers an international perspective on the environment. Using environmental conflict to consider the stakes that groups in various parts of the world have in nature, while also exploring how ecological and social dynamics interact and change over time, subject considers such controversial environmental issues as: nuclear contamination in Eastern Europe; genetic bioprospecting in Mexico; toxic run-off in the rural US; the Bhopal accident in India; and the impact of population growth in the Third World.

21A.120
American Dream: Exploring Class in the United States

Explores the experiences and understandings of class among Americans positioned at different points along the US social spectrum. Considers a variety of classic frameworks for analyzing social class and uses memoirs, novels and ethnographies to gain a sense of how class is experienced in daily life and how it intersects with other forms of social difference such as race and gender.

21A.429J / STS.320J
Environmental Conflict

Explores the complex interrelationships among humans and natural environments, focusing on non-western parts of the world in addition to Europe and the United States. Use of environmental conflict to draw attention to competing understandings and uses of "nature" as well as the local, national and transnational power relationships in which environmental interactions are embedded. In addition to utilizing a range of theoretical perspectives, subject draws upon a series of ethnographic case studies of environmental conflicts in various parts of the world.

Awards

2021 Illinois State Historical Records and Archive Board grant w/ Southeast Chicago Historical Museum
2020 Gaylord and Dorothy Donnelley Foundation grant for the Southeast Chicago Archive and Storytelling Project w/ the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum.
2020 SHASS Research Fund Award, MIT, for Haunted Brownfields: The Transformation of Being ‘Working-Class” in the United States.
2019 Keeper of the Calumet Award from the Calumet Heritage Partnership for the Exit Zero Project. Co-winner with Chris Boebel.
2017 National Endowment for the Humanities Implementation Grant for interactive website project w/ the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum.
2016 Illinois State Historical Records Grant for archival project w/ Southeast Chicago Historical Museum. 
2015 Studs Terkel Award for Media and Journalism from the Working Class Studies Association for the documentary film Exit Zero: An Industrial Family Story (director, Chris Boebel; producer, Chris Walley)  
2014 CLR James Book Prize from the Working Class Studies Association for Exit Zero: Family and Class in Post-Industrial Chicago (University of Chicago Press, 2013)
2014 National Endowment for the Humanities Grant (Humanities Collections and References Award) for Exit Zero website project in conjunction with the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum. Role: PI
2013 Second Place, Victor Turner Prize for Ethnographic Writing (Society for Humanistic Anthropology) for Exit Zero: Family and Class in Post-Industrial Chicago (University of Chicago Press, 2013)
2012 LEF Moving Image Documentary Grant

[News]

Links

Southeast Chicago Archive and Storytelling Project (SECASP) sechicagohistory.org

NEH Final Report for Award PW-253800-17 “History from Chicago’s Former Steel Mill Neighborhoods: Digitizing and Providing Access to the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum Collection”

 “Robots as Symbols and Anxiety over Work Loss.” Research Brief for MIT’s Taskforce on the Work of the Future series.

DV Lab video collection on TechTV

Open Documentary Lab Interview (with Chris Boebel)

Exit 0 Project

NEH White Paper Report 'Preparing to Preserve, Digitize, and Catalog the Southeast Chicago Historical Museum Collection

Sapiens Exit Zero Project interview