Jean E. Jackson received her B.A. from Wellesley College in Sociology/Anthropology in 1965, and her M.A. in 1966; she received her Ph.D. (1972) from Stanford University. She began teaching at MIT in the fall of 1972. She has carried out fieldwork in Mexico, Guatemala, and, from 1968 to the present, in Colombia, initially in the Central Northwest Amazon. Her earlier research interests included kinship and marriage, gender, anthropological linguistics, regional analysis, and multidimensional scaling analysis of genealogical data. She published The Fish People: Linguistic Exogamy and Tukanoan Identity in Northwest Amazonia in 1983.
In 1985 she began to examine indigenous mobilizing in Colombia, with a focus on the role of the State and NGOs. She subsequently published twenty essays on this topic, as well as co-edited the book, Indigenous Movements, Self-Representation, and the State in Latin America. She has written about missionaries, development in small-scale communities, anthropological fieldwork and fieldnotes, the Colombian conflict, rights-claiming discourses, and ethical issues in anthropological fieldwork.
In 1986 she spent a year conducting ethnographic research in an inpatient chronic pain center. "Camp Pain": Conversations with Chronic Pain Patients, and nine essays report on this research. She published an essay on mind/body linkage in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
She is making the final revisions to a book, Managed Multiculturalism: Indigeneity and the Struggle for Rights in Colombia, to be published by Stanford University Press.
She has served on the Board of Directors of Cultural Survival since 1997, and she is a Margaret McVicar Faculty Fellow.
Indigenous social identity
Much of her work has been concerned with social identity. Her earlier research focused on the language exogamy system among Tukanoans in the Colombian Vaupés. A 1974 essay on the topic of Tukanoan language identity is still used in courses. In the mid-1980s she became interested in the remarkable shift from state assimilationist policies to multiculturalist ones occurring in Colombia and elsewhere in Latin America. Specific concerns motivating this research include the valorization of indigenous difference, the impact that state and indigenous mobilizing efforts have on each other, indigenous self-representation, para-statal and transnational actors, customary law, reindigenization, and the politics of culture. She is currently working on a book, The Colombian Indigenous Movement and the Multicultural Neoliberal State, 1990-2010.
Another research area is the anthropology of chronic pain, with a focus on: 1) the definitional difficulties produced, in part, by pain's invisibility and ontological and epistemological uncertainty; 2) therapeutic community as a clinical approach; 3) pain's location at the mind/body interface (pain's aversiveness—an emotion—creates challenges for biomedicine); 4) stigmatizing processes accompanying chronic pain; and 5) the way that the painful body simultaneously produces, and is produced by, culture.
|2011||Bodies and Pain. In Frances E. Mascia-Lees, ed., A Companion to the Anthropology of the Body and Embodiment. Wiley-Blackwell: 370-387.|
|2009||Traditional, transnational and cosmopolitan: The Colombian Yanacona look to the past and to the future (with María Clemencia Ramírez). American Ethnologist 36(3): 521-544.|
|2009||The cross-cultural evidence on ‘extreme behaviors’: What can it tell us?Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1172: 270-277.|
|2007||Rights to indigenous culture in Colombia. In Mark Goodale and Sally Merry, eds., Transnationalism and the New Legal Order: Tracking Rights between the Global and the Local. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press: 204-241.|
|2005||Indigenous movements in Latin America, 1992-2004: controversies, ironies, new directions. Jean E. Jackson and Kay B. Warren. Annual Review of Anthropology. Palo Alto: Annual Reviews: 549-573.|
|2005||Stigma, liminality, and chronic pain: mind-body borderlands. American Ethnologist 32(3): 332-353.|
|2005||How to narrate chronic pain? The politics of representation. In Daniel B. Carr, John D. Loeser, David B. Morris, eds.: Narrative, Pain and Suffering. Seattle: IASP Press: 229-242.|
21A.101J / WGS.170J
Identity and Difference
This course explores how identities, whether of individuals or groups, are produced, maintained, and transformed. Students will be introduced to various theoretical perspectives that deal with identity formation, including constructions of “the normal.” We will explore the utility of these perspectives for understanding identity components such as gender, sexual orientation, social class, race, ethnicity, religion, and bodily difference. By semester’s end students will understand better how an individual can be at once cause and consequence of society, a unique agent of social action as well as a social product.
Ethnic and National Identity
This subject looks at the evolution of concepts about ethnic and national identity over time, in both social science and everyday life. We explore the history of notions about what constitutes a “nation,” in the sense of a “people,” looking at what the term meant prior to the European nation-state and imperial projects of the 19th and early 20th centuries, and at what it means in the present era of multiculturalism, postmodernity, globalization, and transnational trends such as migration. We examine how both ethnic and nation-state nationalism create narratives about the past that are intended to address present-day problems. We also look at the related concepts of race, religion, gender, and culture, examining how each one entails the others. We also study how ethnic and national identity in the West are seen in terms of shared biological legacies, shared histories, and shared cultural content, conceived in terms of 1) shared patterns of behavior—music, dress, food styles, embodied habits (e.g., posture), etc., and 2) inner qualities such as character, personality, or talent. Language ideologies are also briefly discussed, with an emphasis on how linguistic features (lexicon, phonology) serve non-linguistic purposes, for instance, signaling ethnic or national identity.
This course looks at medicine from a cross-cultural perspective, focusing on the human, as opposed to biological, side of things. Students examine the role of society and culture in sickness and healing, learning how to analyze and contextualize various kinds of medical practice. Particular emphasis is placed on Western (bio-) medicine; students examine the foundational premises of biomedicine and its understanding of disease, health, body, and mind. Students learn about medical institutions (e.g., hospitals, medical schools) and how they articulate with other institutions, national (e.g., pharmaceutical and insurance companies, Congress), and international (e.g., World Health Organization). Other topics include notions about symbolic healing (and harming), shamanism, organ harvesting, and new reproductive technologies.
This course introduces students to some of the major social theories and debates that inspire and inform anthropological analysis. Over the course of the semester we will investigate a range of theoretical propositions concerning such topics as human agency, structure, subjectivity, power, culture, the politics of representation, and globalization. It is not a survey of major theoretical schools. We will approach each theoretical perspective or proposition on three levels: 1) in terms of its analytical or explanatory power for understanding human behavior and the social world; 2) in the context of the social and historical circumstances in which these perspectives and propositions were produced; and 3) as contributions to ongoing dialogues and debates. The weekly seminars are organized by topic, but the sequence is roughly determined by chronology.
|2004||Margaret MacVicar Faculty Fellow|